Yesterday at about lunch time a tremor shook buildings in Santiago. I was sitting at my desk being studious when everything started swaying. It was not too scary but a little weird. Everyone asked me if I was okay- and said ‘Welcome to Chile. Get used to it.’ Thanks guys.
Here is the news brief: http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/N29280383.htm
So yes- I got here. I survived the 20 + hour trip from Mälarbaden to Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile to meet my other supervisor- Stefan Gelcich. He is a professor in the Ecological Department but works ,as of recently, with more social aspects of ecosystem-based management and other fun things. Yay! He also works under Juan Carlos Castilla (for us Science nerds- its like Carl Folke or Johan Rockström- aka Awesome).
I’m actually living with Stefan’s parents- Karen and Sergio. They are fantastic. Karen (former model) is from England and has worked for the British Council and she now teaches English to upper level students. Sergio was a photographer (hence how they met) for a magazine, but now works for the stock exchange. They are world travellers and have countless collections of art, books, music etc. As well as wine 🙂 Not a bad place to stay until I leave for the coast. Oh yes- and two cats, Karen’s mother who I call ‘Grandma’ (she told me to do so), and Claudia- the housekeeper, and cook who is wonderful and makes me dry my hair (or I might get sick?).
Last week I spent getting acquainted with Santiago. I’ve walked around the city with Sergio who showed me all of the museums that I must go to before I leave as well as some other places to eat and so on. I’ve also checked out a yoga studio- Yoga A Luka- its quite good actually. For about 2 dollars/class I get all the Chilean-Spanish yoga I want for 1.5 hours- however I only understand about 60% of what they say- so sometimes its a bit difficult, and I do get dirty looks from the instructors when I look up when we should be closing our eyes- Oops. (Don’t worry I’m learning …fast).
During el fin de semana- I went with Karen and Sergio to their beach house in El Quisco. The house is amazing- a mix of hard and soft- involving wood worn by the wind and sea, shells, stones, and plants- everywhere. (oh yes and 2 cats). I’ll let the pictures speak for themselves.
But now- back to reality. I’ve had meetings all afternoon with Stefan and we’ve pinpointed what I will be doing- so the next couple of days I will be working on a questionnaire outline and other tasks. I’m also working a lot on my Spanish- which will be needed for when I have to do interviews with fishermen.
So far so good!
Abrazos y Besos
The role of social capital and leadership as determinants of sustainable bottom-up marine management practices.
Fisheries management approaches based on top-down and centralized government interventions have proven to be inadequate. As a consequence, in recent years researchers have promoted the implementation of co-management and bottom-up marine management policies. One approach has been to grant exclusive territorial user rights to smallscale fishers (TURFs). The rationale behind TURFs is based on a common property approach, which assumes that user rights will create institutional incentives among fishers for sustainable resource use. Concomitantly, social capital and leadership has been suggested as a crucial factor affecting regulation and governance and thus the initiation and maintenance of marine conservation and management initiatives at the community level. Therefore, this study wishes to empirically explore the role of social capital and leadership as determinants of sustainable fishery and conservation outcomes in fishing communities which manage their resources collectively through TURFs policies.
The small-scale inshore fishery management system in Chile provides a unique opportunity to examine the relations between social capital, leadership and the outcomes of bottom-up co-management fisheries management practices. In Chile, co-management takes the form of legally recognized TURFs, through the TURFs policy, the Chilean Undersecretary of Fisheries assigns temporary user rights to artisanal fisher organizations (unions, associations) in defined geographical coastal areas, ranging from 50 to 300 ha of seabed. This includes the right to exclude organization non-members from the assigned seabed. According to the Chilean National Fisheries Service (SERNAPESCA 2005) in Chile there is a total of 547 decreed TURFs, which cover 1023 km2. TURFs are spread across the 4000 km of coast of Chile and have showed varying degrees of success regarding economic, social and biological outcomes, providing a useful setting to empirically explore the role of social determinants such as social capital and leadership in bottom-up fisheries management.
Maybe that helps clear some things up?